Russian wooden detachable doll called matryoshka. In the pre-revolutionary province, the name Matrona, Matresha, was considered one of the most common Russian names, which is based on the Latin word “mater”, meaning mother. This name used to be linked with a large family head with good health and a well-built figure. Consequently, it became a household name and began to mean turning a detachable colorfully painted wooden product matryoshka.
But to this day, the matryoshka remains a symbol of motherhood, fertility, since the doll with its numerous puppet families perfectly expresses the figurative basis of this ancient symbol of human culture, it even became an important object in many households. The first Russian nesting doll, carved by Vasily Zvezdochkin and painted by Sergey Malyutin, was eight-person: a girl with a black rooster was followed by a boy, then again a girl, and so on. All nesting dolls differed from each other, and the last, eighth portrayed a swaddled baby. When you ask what is the value of my nesting doll is, how to appraise them, then the following making and style format happen to be the ones you should know about.
The Right Grinding
Russian masters, who were able to grind wooden objects that were put into each other (for example, Easter eggs), mastered the technology of making nesting dolls with ease. The principle of making nesting dolls remains unchanged to the present, while retaining all the techniques of the Russian craftsmen’s turning art.
As a rule, nesting dolls are made of wood from such deciduous trees as linden, birch, alder, aspen. The most fertile material is linden. Trees intended for the manufacture of matryoshka are cut down in early spring, usually in April, when the wood is sap. Cut trees are cleaned, leaving the bark rings in several places. Otherwise, the wood will crack when dried. The logs prepared in this way with smeared ends, are laid in piles so that there is a gap between them for air.
Harvested wood is kept in the open air for at least two years. Only an experienced master can determine the degree of readiness of the material. The logs, ready for processing, are cut into blanks for a future Russian doll. Up to 15 operations take place in the hands of a turner before becoming a finished nesting doll. To carve a lathe matryoshka, turner must be uncommon skill, the ability to use a relatively small set of seemingly simple tools a knife and chisels of various lengths and configurations. Usually, the first machined the smallest non-opening a matryoshka, then all other nesting dolls. Ready nesting dolls primed with starch glue, dried, now the nested doll is ready for painting.
The Right Souvenir for You
Matryoshka is one of the well-known and beloved Russian doll souvenirs. It is believed that the matryoshka is a primordially Russian toy, but it is not.
The first Russian matryoshka appeared only at the end of the 19th century and gained unprecedented recognition as one of the comprehensive images of Russia, a symbol of Russian folk art.
The prototype of Russian nesting dolls was a figure of a good-natured bald old man, Buddhist sage Fukuruma, in which there were several other figures nested inside one another, imported from Honshu Island. The Japanese, by the way, claim that the unknown Russian monk carved such a toy first on the island of Honshu.
The first Russian matryoshka was carved in the workshop-store “Children’s Education” by Vasily Zvezdochkin and painted by Sergey Malyutin, approximately in 1898. This year is considered the year of birth of nesting dolls. But nowadays, you can find many matryoshka dolls online like https://nestingdolls.co/collections/matryoshka.
As a rule, nesting dolls are made from hardwood, a better option than toys made of PVC. The most fertile material is linden. Trees intended for the manufacture of matryoshkas is cut down in early spring, usually in April, when wood is sap.
The painting usually uses three or four colors, red or orange, yellow, green, and blue — with black added to stroke the fine lines of the face and contours of the clothes.
- In Semenov there is another style of painting. They leave more natural
- wood background before
- The nesting dolls decorated with bright bouquets of flowers.
In the village of Polkhovsky Maidan (Gorky Oblast), the nested doll differs markedly from its Semenov sisters by a pointedly elongated figure with a small, rigidly outlined head.
The painting of polkhovsky nesting dolls is based on a combination of raspberry – red, green and black colors along the outline previously drawn with ink.
The most complex manufacturing technology is different type of nesting dolls – come from Vyatka. In addition to the traditional painting, its design uses an original artistic and technological device – straw inlay.
A wooden doll may not be one of those dolls kids like or even one of those famous and common toys, but it is often depicted as a historical or fairy-tale character: the princess Nesmeyana, the Snow Maiden, Vasilisa the Beautiful. Their hats and outfits are different, which is very attractive for children.
The author’s doll is born in diverse places of Russia – Kirov, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sergiev Posad, Tver. The design of that kind of dolls, based on the fantasy of the artist, their author. The author, as a rule, only slightly reflects the Russian traditions in his toy, putting a new meaning and plot into it.
- Matryoshka is a permanent source of folk art.
- And we decided to make our nesting doll.
- The work plan.
- Creating the basis of nesting dolls from 2 paper balls.
- Pasting paper blank using papier-mâché technique.
- Leveling the surface with a putty.
- Decorative painting matryoshka.